Q: Do the Jinn (creatures created from fire) appear to some humans and hold friendships with them? Is jinni a devil?
A: Jinn do appear to some people. The Jinn are individual beings, not part of the human. It is well-known among scholars that the Jinn are the children of the Satan, in the same way that the humans are the children of Adam, so the Satan is the Jinni who refused to prostrate to Adam. He is the father of all Jinn. Some of them are kind, and others are wicked Kafirs (disbelievers) similar to the Kafirs among human beings. Among them are the Fasiqs (someone openly and flagrantly violating Islamic law), Kafirs, righteous Mu’mins (believers), and disobedient ones. They are groups and sects as humans, some people are in contact with them, they speak to them and are spoken to by them, some people can see them, but in most cases they are not seen. This is as Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: “Verily, he and Qabîluhu (his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them” Surah Al-A`raf, 7: 27
It means that they see us from where we cannot see them. This does not mean that we cannot see them at all; we can see them, but not from where they see us. However, they appear to some people in the desert and in houses, and they converse. We have been informed by a group of scholars of many incidents where the Jinn attend informative lectures and ask questions about different topics although they were not seen, some people have seen the Jinn in the desert and in other places.
It is not permissible to worship them instead of Allah (Exalted be He), or seek their support. It is not permissible also to ask them for help in harming Muslims, nor is it permitted to ask about the Ghayb (the Unseen). In fact a person should take precautions against these things.
As for calling them to Allah if possible, teaching them what will benefit them, advising them, preaching to them and reminding them of Allah, these are all permissible things. However, seeking their help and support, making vows for them, or getting closer to them by slaughtering in fear of their evil is Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect).
Allah (Exalted be He) says: ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression. Surah Al-Jinn, 72: 6
This means that they increased their sins and transgression. This Ayah (Qur’anic verse) has two Tafsirs (explanation of the meanings of the Qur’an): the first meaning is that the Jinn increased the humans in fear of them, and the second meaning is that the humans increased the Jinn in their evil and transgression and kufr (disbelief) because when the Jinn saw that humans were scared of them they became arrogant and increased their harm of humans.
Either way it is not permissible to ask them for help, or assistance, or is it permissible to make vow to them, ask them to help with something, invoke them to cure the sick, and so on. However, if one is able to speak to them, he can advise, remind, and call them to Allah. He should also teach them what will bring them benefit. There is nothing wrong with doing that with Jinn in the same way it is done with humans.
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:
I never heard ‘Umar saying about something that he thought it would be so-and-so, but he was quite right.
Once, while ‘Umar was sitting, a handsome man passed by him, ‘Umar said, “If I am not wrong, this person is still on his religion of the pre-lslamic period of ignorance or he was their foreteller. Call the man to me.” When the man was called to him, he told him of his thought. The man said, “I have never seen such a day on which a Muslim is faced with such an accusation.”
‘Umar said, “I am determined that you should tell me the truth.”
He said, “I was a foreteller in the pre-lslamic period of ignorance.“
Then ‘Umar said, “Tell me the most astonishing thing your female Jinn has told you of.”
“One-day while I was in the market, she came to me scared and said, ‘Haven’t you seen the Jinns and their despair and they were overthrown after their defeat (and prevented from listening to the news of the heaven) so that they (stopped going to the sky and) kept following camel-riders (i.e. ‘Arabs)?”
‘Umar said, “He is right.” and added,
“One day while I was near their idols, there came a man with a calf and slaughtered it as a sacrifice (for the idols). An (unseen) creature shouted at him, and I have never heard harsher than his voice. He was crying, ‘O you bold evil-doer! A matter of success! An eloquent man is saying: None has the right to be worshipped except you (O Allah).’ On that the people fled, but I said, ‘I shall not go away till I know what is behind this.’ Then the cry came again: ‘O you bold evil-doer! A matter of success! An eloquent man is saying: None has the right to be worshipped except Allah.’ I then went away and a few days later it was said, “A prophet has appeared.”
Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 58, Number 206 – Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)
Fatwas of Ibn Baz>Volume 8>Questions and answers>Ruling on seeking the help of sorcerers or soothsayers to kill or exorcise evil spirits
Q 4: Is it permissible for people who suffer from jinn possession to seek the help of soothsayers in order to kill or exorcise the jinn possessing them?
A: It is not permissible for them to do so because sorcery and soothsaying can only be performed with the aid of devils whose help is attained when the performer attributes them as partners to Allah in worship. A soothsayer is known to have contact with the jinn who inform him of what is going on at certain places. For example, so-and-so died in the Levant (the region covering Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Palestine) and the like matters.
Devils pass information about future events to each other until it finally reaches the soothsayer. When he passes this information to an ignorant person, the latter comes to believe that the soothsayer or fortuneteller possesses knowledge of Ghayb (Unseen) where in fact the source of this information is Devil. A soothsayer may also seek the help of powerful devils to exorcise another devil possessing the person. This can only be done if the possessed person fulfills their desire that they be worshipped beside Allah or that the possessed person makes vows for their sake or slaughters animals for the sake of drawing near to them. Once their desire is fulfilled, the Shayatin start to threaten the possessing devil with death or imprisonment unless he surrenders to their commands. At that point, the possessing devil will have no choice but to obey his master devils and then leave.
It is not a valid excuse to seek the help of soothsayers on the basis that some people benefit from their help. Those who worship jinn seek to get benefit from them even though the jinn themselves may cause them greater harm by possessing them or robbing their property. Thus, it is not a valid excuse to join jinn in the worship of Allah on the pretext of seeking their benefit to cure the illnesses of humans. During the pre-Islamic era, people used to speak to the idols. The Shayatin would incarnate the idols and would speak with people whom they tempted into worshipping them beside Allah.
Ibn Baaz Fatwas
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Q 3: I heard a man saying that when he yawns, he covers his mouth so that Satan may not enter inside him. He attributed this to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and claimed that it was mentioned in the Sahih (authentic) Book of Muslim. Is this true?
A: It is Mustahab (desirable) for those who yawn to restrain it as much as possible and cover their mouths. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,
When one of you yawns, you should try to restrain it with the help of your hand, since it is Satan that enters therein. Narrated by Muslim.
In another narration, You should cover your mouth with your hand and not yawn in a loud voice, as Satan will laugh at you if you do so.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
## [Transcribed] Shaytaan Is An Enemy To You, So Take Him As Your Enemy’ – By Shaykh Muhammad al Anjaree (hafidhahullaah)
By Shaykh Muhammad al Anjaree (hafidhahullaah)
This Insaan, he was created with the purpose of worship of Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) and at the same time he will have enemies like the Shaytaan. And this Insaan, he has many obstacles in his worship, you find himself in a test and he has obstacles; and from these tests he finds himself in between Truth and Falsehood, and needs to make the correct choice. And this Iblees tries to misguide this Insaan by taking him far away from the correct reality that indeed he is an enemy for him, he takes him far away from this reality, and he makes him forget that he is his enemy, and who is his real enemy; so this doubt and this forgetfulness, it takes the Insaan far away from the correct affair that the Iblees is his enemy, this forgetfulness indeed takes a person to a state where he is in the displeasure of Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala).